Transforming Agriculture, Perennially
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Category: Perennial Crops

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Author: Olivier Duchene, Florian Celette, Matthew R. Ryan, Lee R. DeHaan, Timothy E. Crews, Christophe David
Publication: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment

Western European agriculture is largely defined by the high level of productivity of its cereal grain production. Such productivity is largely a result of farm specialization and intensification. This approach…

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Author: Steve Larson, Lee DeHaan, Jesse Poland, Xiaofei Zhang, Kevin Dorn, Traci Kantarski, James Anderson, Jeremy Schmutz, Jane Grimwood, Jerry Jenkins, Shengqiang Shu, Jared Crain, Matthew Robbins, Kevin Jensen
Publication: Theoretical and Applied Genetics

Abstract Allohexaploid (2n = 6x = 42) intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium), abbreviated IWG, is an outcrossing perennial grass belonging to the tertiary gene pool of wheat. Perenniality would be valuable option for grain production,…

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Author: Claudia Ciotir, Wendy Applequist, Timothy E Crews, Neculai Cristea, Lee R DeHaan, Emma Frawley, Sterling A Herron, Robert Magill, James S Miller, Yury Roskov, Brandon Schlautman, James C Solomon, Andrew Townesmith, David Van Tassel, James L Zarucchi, Allison Miller
Publication: Plants, People, Planet

Agroecosystems are constantly evolving to meet the needs of a growing population in a sustainable manner. Concerns about ecological impacts of agriculture, including soil loss, have focused attention on crops…

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Author: Ebony G Murrell, Swayamjit Ray, Mary E Lemmon, Dawn S Luthe, Jason P Kaye
Publication: Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems

Abstract: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can increase plant nutrient uptake and chemical defense production, both of which can improve plants’ ability to resist insect herbivory. Cover crops—non-commercial species planted in…

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Author: Jacob M. Jungers, Lee H. DeHaan, David J. Mulla, Craig C. Sheaffer, Donald L. Wyse
Publication: Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment

Abstract: Global expansion of high-input annual grain crops and associated nitrogen (N) fertilizer use can have negative consequences for the environment and human health. Nitrate nitrogen (NO3-N) leaching from fertilized…

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Author: Timothy E. Crews, Wim Carton, & Lennart Olsson
Publication: Global Sustainability

Non-technical summary: Modern agriculture is associated with numerous environmental predicaments, such as land degradation, water pollution, and greenhouse gas emission. Socio-economically, it is characterized by a treadmill of technological change, increased…

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Author: Ebony Murrell
Publication: Science Trends

The impacts of climate change are already being felt by farmers in many parts of the world. As such, it is important for us to determine which strategies may help…

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Author: Matthew R Ryan, Timothy E Crews, Steven W Culman, Lee R DeHaan, Richard C Hayes, Jacob M Jungers, Matthew G Bakker
Publication: BioScience

Abstract: Plant breeders are increasing yields and improving agronomic traits in several perennial grain crops, the first of which is now being incorporated into commercial food products. Integration strategies and management…

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Author: Brandon Schlautman, Spencer Barriball, Claudia Ciotir, Sterling Herron, and Allison J. Miller
Publication: Sustainability

Abstract: Annual cereal and legume grain production is dependent on inorganic nitrogen (N) and other fertilizers inputs to resupply nutrients lost as harvested grain, via soil erosion/runoff, and by other natural…

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Author: M. Kathryn Turner, Damian Ravetta, and David Van Tassel
Publication: Sustainability

Abstract: New crops with greater capacity for delivering ecosystem services are needed to increase agricultural sustainability. However, even in these crops, seed yield is usually the main criteria for grain domestication….

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Author: Alejandra Vilela, Luciana González-Paleo, Kathryn Turner, Kelsey Peterson, Damián Ravetta, Timothy E. Crews and David Van Tassel
Publication: Sustainability

Abstract: Silflower (Silphium integrifolium Michx.) is in the early stages of domestication as a perennial version of oilseed sunflower, its close relative. Grain crops with deep perennial root systems will provide…

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Author: Stan Cox, Pheonah Nabukalu, Andrew H. Paterson, Wenqian Kong, and Shakirah Nakasagga
Publication: Sustainability

Abstract: Perennial germplasm derived from crosses between Sorghum bicolor and either S. halepense or S. propinquum is being developed with the goal of preventing and reversing soil degradation in the…

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