Transforming Agriculture, Perennially
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Agricultural Research & Scientific Publications

The Land Institute’s work advances agricultural scientific knowledge and is conducted in an innovative yet rigorous professional context. Explore our findings and ideas via articles authored or co-authored by members of our staff and published in peer-reviewed journals.

If you’re looking for popular media mentions of The Land Institute, visit our Media Coverage page.

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Author: Ebony G Murrell, Swayamjit Ray, Mary E Lemmon, Dawn S Luthe, Jason P Kaye
Publication: Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems

Abstract: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can increase plant nutrient uptake and chemical defense production, both of which can improve plants’ ability to resist insect herbivory. Cover crops—non-commercial species planted in…

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Author: Claudia Ciotir, Wendy Applequist, Timothy E Crews, Neculai Cristea, Lee R DeHaan, Emma Frawley, Sterling A Herron, Robert Magill, James S Miller, Yury Roskov, Brandon Schlautman, James C Solomon, Andrew Townesmith, David Van Tassel, James L Zarucchi, Allison Miller
Publication: bioRxiv

Summary: Concerns about soil health and stability are focusing attention on crops that deliver both agricultural products and ecological services. Deep rooted, perennial plants that build soil organic matter, support…

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Author: Jacob M. Jungers, Lee H. DeHaan, David J. Mulla, Craig C. Sheaffer, Donald L. Wyse
Publication: Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Environment

Abstract: Global expansion of high-input annual grain crops and associated nitrogen (N) fertilizer use can have negative consequences for the environment and human health. Nitrate nitrogen (NO3-N) leaching from fertilized…

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Author: Timothy E. Crews, Wim Carton, & Lennart Olsson
Publication: Global Sustainability

Non-technical summary: Modern agriculture is associated with numerous environmental predicaments, such as land degradation, water pollution, and greenhouse gas emission. Socio-economically, it is characterized by a treadmill of technological change, increased…

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Author: Stephan Reinert, Kennedy L. Money, Greta B. G. Rockstad, Nolan C. Kane, David L. Van Tassel, and Brent S. Hulke
Publication: Euphytica

Abstract: Organic dormancy, the inability to germinate under favorable conditions, is a common problem in many crop species and their wild relatives, leading to more variable emergence, plant density, and…

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Author: Wes Jackson, Aubrey Streit Krug, Bill Vitek, and Robert Jensen
Publication: Ecological Citizen

The development of agriculture is one of the key fault lines in human history, the starting point for the human project of dominating the planet. As the catastrophic consequences of…

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Author: Timothy E. Crews and Douglas J. Cattani
Publication: Sustainability

Abstract: The development of new perennial crop species is gaining momentum as a promising approach to change the fundamental nature of ecosystem processes in agriculture. The ecological argument for perennial…

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Author: Lei Lei, Genqiao Li, Hailin Zhang, Carol Powers, Tilin Fang, Yihua Chen, Shuwen Wang, Xinkai Zhu, Brett F Carver, Liuling Yan
Publication: Plant Biotechnology Journal

Summary: Wheat (Triticum aestivum) has low nitrogen use efficiency (NUE). The genetic mechanisms controlling NUE are unknown. Positional cloning of a major quantitative trait locus for N-related agronomic traits showed…

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Author: Ebony Murrell
Publication: Science Trends

The impacts of climate change are already being felt by farmers in many parts of the world. As such, it is important for us to determine which strategies may help…

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Author: Lee DeHaan, Marty Christians, Jared Crain, and Jesse Poland
Publication: Sustainability

Abstract: Ecological intensification of agriculture is a proposed strategy to enhance the production of food while expanding ecosystem services and reducing inputs. Perennial plants that are directly harvested for human…

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Author: Richard C. Hayes, Shuwen Wang, Matthew T. Newell , Kathryn Turner, Jaime Larsen, Laura Gazza, James A. Anderson, Lindsay W. Bell, Douglas J. Cattani, Katherine Frels, Elena Galassi, Alexey I. Morgounov, Clinton K. Revell, Dhruba B. Thapa, Mohammad Sameri, Len J. Wade, Anna Westerbergh, Vladimir Shamanin, Amir Amanov, and Guangdi D. Li
Publication: Sustainability

Abstract: A network of 21 experiments was established across nine countries on four continents and spanning both hemispheres, to evaluate the relative performance of early generation perennial cereal material derived…

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Author: Matthew R Ryan, Timothy E Crews, Steven W Culman, Lee R DeHaan, Richard C Hayes, Jacob M Jungers, Matthew G Bakker
Publication: BioScience

Abstract: Plant breeders are increasing yields and improving agronomic traits in several perennial grain crops, the first of which is now being incorporated into commercial food products. Integration strategies and management…

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